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Category 1 and Category 2 Hazards are addressed as follows.

Hazard Health Effects
1 Damp and mould growth Allergies, asthma, effects of toxins from mould and fungal infections
Health threats due to dust mites, mould or fungal including mental and social wellbeing health threats associated with damp, humid and mouldy conditions
2 Excess cold Respiratory conditions: flu, pneumonia and bronchitis Cardiovascular conditions: heart attacks and strokes
Threats to health from cold indoor temperatures.  A healthy indoor temperature is 18oC to 21oC
3 Excess heat Dehydration, trauma, stroke, cardiovascular and respiratory
Threats due to high indoor temperatures
4 Asbestos and MMF Asbestos: Damage to lungs
Exposure to asbestos fibres and Manufactured Mineral Fibres (MMF) MMF: Damage to skin, eyes and lungs
5 Biocides Risk from breathing in, skin contact and swallowing of the chemical
Threats to health from chemicals used to treat timber and mould growth
6 Carbon Monoxide and fuel combustion products Dizziness, nausea, headaches, disorientation, unconsciousness and breathing problems
Excess levels of carbon monoxide, nitrogen dioxide, sulphur dioxide and smoke
7 Lead Lead poisoning causing nervous disorders, mental health and blood production issues
Threats to health from lead ingestion from paint, water pipes, soil and fumes from leaded petrol
8 Radiation Lung cancer caused by exposure, which increases amount and length of exposure
Health threats from radon gas and its daughters, primarily airborne but also radon dissolved in water
9 Uncombusted fuel gas Suffocation
Threat from fuel gas escaping into the atmosphere within a property
10 Volatile organic compounds Allergies, irritation to the eyes, nose and skin, headaches, nausea, dizziness and drowsiness
Threat to health from a diverse group of organic chemicals including formaldehyde that are gaseous at room temperature and can be found in a wide variety of materials in the home
11 Crowding and space Psychological distress and mental disorders, increased risk of hygiene issues, accidents and personal space and privacy compromised
Hazards associated with lack of space for living, sleeping and normal household or family life
12 Entry by intruders Fear of burglary occurring, stress and anguish caused by burglary and injuries caused by the intruder
Problems keeping a property secure against unauthorised entry and maintaining defensible space
13 Lighting Depression and psychological effects due to lack of natural light.  Eyestrain from glare and inadequate light
Threats to physical and mental health associated with inadequate natural or artificial light, including the psychological effects associated with the view from the property through glazing
14 Noise Psychological and physiological changes resulting from lack of sleep, poor concentration, headaches and anxiety
Threats to physical and mental health due to exposure to noise within the property or within its curtilage
15 Domestic hygiene, pests and refuse Stomach and intestinal disease, infection, asthma, allergies, disease from rats and physical hazards
Health hazards due to poor design, layout and construction making it hard to keep clean and hygienic, attracting pests and inadequate and unhygienic provision for storing household waste
16 Food safety Stomach and intestinal disease, diarrhoea, vomiting, stomach upset and dehydration
Threats of infection from poor provision and facilities to store, prepare and cook food
17 Personal hygiene, sanitation and drainage Stomach and intestinal disease, skin infections and depression
Threats of infections and threat to mental health associated with personal hygiene, including personal and clothes washing facilities, sanitation and drainage
18 Water supply Dehydration, fatigue, headaches, dry skin, bladder infections and legionnaires disease
Threats to health from contamination by bacteria, parasites, viruses and chemical pollutants due to the quality of water supply for drinking household use such as cooking, washing and sanitation
19 Falls associated with baths Physical injuries: cuts, lacerations, swellings and bruising.
Falls associated with a bath, shower or similar facility
20 Falls on the level surfaces Physical injuries: bruising, factures, head, brain and spinal injuries
Falls on any level surface such as floor, yards and paths, including falls associated with trip steps, thresholds or ramps where the change in level is less than 300mm
21 Falls associated with stairs and steps Physical injuries: bruising, factures, head, brain and spinal injuries
Falls associated with stairs and ramps where the change in level is greater than 300mm.  It includes internal stairs or ramps within a property, external steps or ramps associated with the property, access to the property and to shared facilities or means of escape from fire and falls over stairs, ramp or step guarding
22 Falls between levels Physical injuries
Falls from one level to another, inside or outside a dwelling where the difference is more than 300mm.  Including falls from balconies, landings or out of windows
23 Electrical hazards Electric shock and burns
Hazards from electric shock and electricity burns
24 Fire Burns, being overcome by smoke or death
Threats to health from exposure to uncontrolled fire and associated smoke.  It includes injuries from clothing catching fire, a common injuring when trying to put a fire out.
25 Flames, hot surfaces and materials Burns, scalds, permanent scarring and death.
Burns or injuries caused by contact with a hot flame or fire, hot objects and non-water based liquids.  Scalds caused by contact with hot liquids and vapours.
26 Collision and entrapment Physical injuries such as cuts and bruising to the body
Risks of physical injuries from trapping body parts in architectural features such as trapping fingers in doors and windows and colliding with objects such as windows, doors and low ceilings
27 Explosions Threats from the blast of an explosion, from debris generated by the blast and from partial or total collapse of a building as a result of the explosion Physical injuries, crushing, bruising, puncture, fractures, head, brain and spinal injuries.
28 Ergonomics Strain and sprain injuries
Threats of physical strain associated with functional space and other features at the dwelling
29 Structural collapse and falling elements Physical injuries
The threat of the dwelling collapsing or part of the fabric being displaced or falling due to inadequate fixing or disrepair or as a result of adverse weather conditions.


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